250.2 Definitions Continued
Ground (Earth) . Earth or a conductive body that is connected to earth. Figure 250.6
Grounded . Connected to earth.
Ground Fault . An unintentional connection between an ungrounded conductor and metal parts of enclosures, raceways, or equipment. Figure 250.7
Ground-Fault Current Path [250.2]. An electrically conductive path from a ground fault to the electrical supply source.
The fault-current path of a ground fault is not to the earth! It's to the electrical supply source, typically the X0 terminal of a transformer.
Grounded (Earthed) . Connected to earth.
FPN: The ground-fault current path could be metal raceways, cable sheaths, electrical equipment, or other electrically conductive materials, such as metallic water or gas piping, steel-framing members, metal ducting, reinforcing steel, or the shields of communications cables. Figure 250.8
The difference between an a€śeffective ground-fault current patha€ť and a€ś fault-current patha€ť is that the effective ground-fault current path is a€śintentionallya€ť constructed to provide the low-impedance fault-current path to the electrical supply source for the purpose of clearing the ground fault. A ground-fault current path is simply all of the available conductive paths over which fault current flows on its return to the electrical supply source during a ground fault.
Grounded Neutral Conductor . The conductor that terminates to the terminal that is intentionally grounded to the earth. Figure 250.9
Grounding (Earthing) Conductor . The conductor that connects equipment to the earth via a grounding electrode.
An example would be the conductor used to connect equipment to a supplementary grounding electrode [250.56].
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