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Illustrated Changes to the NEC, 2005 Edition - Part 1

Article 210

Branch Circuits

210.8 GFCI Protection

The GFCI protection requirement for commercial kitchens was clarified by adding a definition of a kitchen. New requirement expands the GFCI protection requirements for 15 or 20A, 125V receptacles to include receptacles located outdoors that are accessible to the public. And new requirement expands the GFCI protection requirements for the required 15 or 20A, 125V receptacle for heating, air-conditioning, and refrigeration equipment [210.63].

(B) Other Than Dwelling Units
(2) Commercial and Institutional Kitchens.
All 15 and 20A, 125V receptacles installed in kitchens, even those that do not supply the countertop surface, must be GFCI protected.

Authorís Comment: GFCI protection is required for all 15 and 20A, 125V receptacles installed in kitchens, even if not readily accessible or on a dedicated branch circuit for a specific cord-and-plug connected appliance. Figure 210-6

For the purposes of this section, a kitchen is defined as an area with a sink and permanent facilities for food preparation and cooking.

Authorís Comment: This definition distinguishes commercial and institutional kitchens from those areas often found in employee break rooms that might have a portable cooking appliance.

(4) Outdoors Public Spaces. All 15 and 20A, 125V receptacles installed in a public space that is for use by or is accessible to the public must be GFCI protected. Figure 210-7

Ex: GFCI protection isnít required for a fixed electric snow-melting or deicing equipment receptacle that isnít readily accessible. See 426.28.

Authorís Comment: GFCI protection isnít required for receptacles located outdoors of commercial and industrial occupancies where the general public doesnít have access. Figure 210-8

(5) Heating, Air-Conditioning, and Refrigeration Equipment. All outdoor 15 and 20A, 125V receptacles installed at an accessible location for the servicing of heating, air-conditioning, and refrigeration equipment in accordance with 210.63 must be GFCI protected. Figure 210-9


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