LABOR MANAGEMENT - THEORIES
YOUR ATTITUDE TOWARD
A method of classifying manager's attitudes
toward their employees has been developed, and it consists of two groups called Theory
X and Theory Y. As you read through the following, make notes of statements that you agree
with and those that you disagree with. This topic will help you to begin to determine
what you think and believe about your employees. Be as honest with yourself as you can,
which is not as easy as it may at first sound.
- Most people dislike work and will
avoid it when they can.
- People must be pushed and threatened
with punishment in order to get them to produce enough to achieve company objectives.
- The average worker has very little
ambition, wants to be directed, and will avoid responsibility whenever possible.
- Life is not fair; rewards do not
- Managers must do all of the planning
- People naturally want to work,
as children want to play.
- People will control themselves
in order to achieve goals they set for themselves.
- People's level of commitment to
goals and objectives is related to the rewards for the achievement of them.
- Under the proper conditions, people
will learn to accept and seek out responsibilities.
- The ability to imagine, demonstrate
ingenuity, be creative, and to develop solutions to problems is naturally shared by
most people to some degree.
- Most people today work at a level
less than what they're capable of achieving, if properly motivated to excel.
- People want to participate in planning
their own future.
- They want to contribute to the
highest degree that they can.
- They believe that rewards follow
results, that the game is fair.
- Managers should only review plans
that have been developed in collaboration with the worker, not develop the plan totally
for the worker.
In matters of principal - stand like
a rock! In matters of style - swim like a fish! Do you have a single management style
that works best for you.
Comment: This newsletter was extracted from my Business Management and Management
Skills' Workbook. Watch for our next newsletter, and as always, we encourage your comments
and feedback. Send us your real-life experiences. Please respond to Barbara@mikeholt.com.
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Management 101 2002
field of Business Management encompasses many activities that influence
the profitability of your company either directly or indirectly. Many
of these activities are interlinked one to the other making separation
of individual activities a bit difficult. To facilitate your grasp
of the uniqueness of the individual activities of management, this
workbook is divided into the following four general subject areas.
Only topics unique to each subject area are included so that you may
at first develop an understanding of the simpler individual parts.
With a fundamental understanding of these under your belt, the integrated
natur of business management will be easier to internalize, facilitating
a solid understanding of the field of Business Management.
In the course
of developing these workbooks, it was determined that several
topics warrant far greater detail than can be included within
the scope of workbooks of this type. As you go through this series
of Business Management, on occasion youll notice references
to other workbooks in this series. Each of these covers specific
topics in greater detail. These additional workbooks will aid
in your continuing education in the area of Business Management.
1 - Business Management
2 - Financial Management
3 - Job Management - (Project)
4 - Human Asset Management - (Employees)
A master table
of contents is provided at the beginning of this workbook and
each section has its own table of contents for easier referencing
of material. To further aid comprehension, as each topic is covered
the reader is presented with a sheet and a series of questions.
These questions aid in the development of a listing of individual
objectives that lead incrementally to obtainment of your goal
of improving your business management abilities.